Volume 5 Issue 1
Research Area: Social Science
Title: REMEDY FOR VICTIMS OF MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE AND THE ROLE OF COURTS IN MAURITIUS
Keywords: Medical Negligence, Medical Council, Tort Law, Mauritius, UK
Author(s): Ambareen Beebeejaun
Author’s Institution: University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius
Abstract: Mauritius is working towards an ambitious project of becoming a medical hub for the African region in the coming years. While the huge emphasis is being made upon re-engineering the medical profession by setting the standards for qualifications, experience and training, it is imperative for medical practitioners to abide by the duty of care which is expected of them. In this light, this research paper aims to analyse the duty of medical care from a Mauritius law perspective and thereafter assess the various remedies available to victims of medical negligence arising from a breach of duty of care. To achieve this research objective, the black letter method is adopted by analysing the corresponding laws on medical negligence in Mauritius and the relevant case laws. Additionally, this study has adopted a comparative approach that is, the UK tribunals’ approach to clinical negligence is examined and some recommendations have been suggested to enhance the existing framework on medical negligence in Mauritius.
Research Area: African Literature
Title: REPRESENTING CORRUPTION AND SENSE OF ENTITLEMENT: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ACHEBE’S NO LONGER AT EASE AND HANGULA’S “THE SHOW ISN’T OVER UNTIL…”
Keywords: Corruption, Enlightenment, Fraud Triangle theory, western education, African literary genres
Author(s): Vilho Hangula
Author’s Institution: University of Namibia, Namibia
Abstract: This paper comparatively analyses the representation of corruption and sense of entitlement in Chinua Achebe’s No Longer at Ease (1960) and Vickson Hangula’s “The show isn’t over until…” (1999). The texts were chosen purposively because they share common themes of corruption and sense of entitlement. Furthermore, this paper aimed to explore, discuss and examine the forms, causes and effects of corruption and sense of entitlement as represented in the selected novel and play. A qualitative research approach was employed and premised on the two theoretical frameworks, the Fraud Triangle Theory and Social Realism Theory. The theories were utilised to inform the discussions on the causes and effects of corruption and sense of entitlement as presented in the texts. The Fraud Triangle theory particularly winnowed out the causes of corruption and sense of entitlement from the two texts, whereas the Social Realism theory helped to explore the link particularly between the forms and effects of the two vices as expressed in the literary works. Data were analysed using content analysis. Findings established, bribery, nepotism, favouritism, abuse of power and embezzlement, as some of the forms of corruption in the two literary texts. Additionally, this paper concludes that Achebe’s (1960) and Hangula’s (1999) texts show that the dispossession of black people as a result of colonialism and neo-colonialism cause corruption and sense of entitlement. Moreover, it was concluded that poverty and western education were some of the causes of corruption and sense of entitlement as western education alienates Africans from their socio-cultural and political economies. This alienation results in a vicious cycle of debts which leads to a precarious financial lifestyle. Subsequently, the findings of this paper revealed that corruption and sense of entitlement perpetuate poverty, racial disharmony and bolster the misuse of national resources. Lastly, further studies on corruption and sense of entitlement in different African literary genres are recommended.
Research Area: Social Science and Public Awareness
Title: DEPRESSION AMONG PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE PHILIPPINES: A NEWS SENTIMENT ANALYSIS
Keywords: Mental Depression, Public School Teachers, Machine Learning, Content Analysis, Plutchik Sentiment Analysis
Author(s): Jessie Richie N. de los Santos
Author’s Institution: Eastern Visayas State University, Tanauan Campus, Philippines
Abstract: The study aimed to disclose and described the prevailing sentiments on the different news articles on mental depression among public school teachers in the Philippines. The study utilized a mixed-method research design utilizing content analysis of online news articles from January to December 2019. The study employed Plutchik Wheels of Emotions to present the sentiment analysis of the study. Google Trends was also utilized to present the vulnerability of the topic. The news content analysis revealed sentiments of the articles to negative (36.88%) and positive (63.12%) where writers principal emotions on Trust, Anticipation, Fear and Sadness and few articles on Joy, Anger, Surprise and Disgust. The unique discoveries of the study focused on the soft evidence and the actual news articles on Mental Depression among Public School Teachers. Further studies may be conducted to explore the hidden themes on the embedded sentiments found in the news articles in this study.
Research Area: Social Science
Title: DOES CONSENT TO SEXUAL INTERCOURSE IMPLY CONSENT TO INFLICT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES? AN ASSESSMENT UNDER ENGLISH LAW
Keywords: Consent, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Rape, OAPA, Criminal Law
Author(s): Kimia Zaman Kimu
Author’s Institution: University of South Wales, UK
Abstract: In criminal law “consent” can be applied for accepting an excuse and precluding the defendant from holding legally obliged and responsible for what was caused by him. The law of crime has discussed the matter of non-disclosure of the status of HIV-positive to the partners in involving sex in two perspectives: 1) rape and 2) inflicting grievous bodily harm. However, the modern law has refused to accept or acknowledge it in the perspective of rape but has integrated it under s. 20 the Offences against the Person Act 1861. The difficulty has invariably been to determine at what point the victim’s consent turns unsuccessful. In England, it has been proposed that those with an imperceptible viral load would not be regarded reckless though this matter is not made clear. The courts in England have not considered the issue of whether a low or undetectable viral load can act as a defence. Even though the persons with special knowledge accept the complication of affording an accurate or delimited evaluation of the danger of transmitting HIV by sexual means; however, it is admitted that a number of actions bear a reduced amount of danger than others. If someone is HIV+ and does not communicate his HIV status to his partner at the time of sexual intercourse he ought to be liable for rape. Moreover, for someone to consent to become infected by HIV by way of sexual intercourse his or her consent ought to be communicated and the defendant in a criminal proceeding must have a genuine belief in such consent. As a defence of consent, the knowledge of the victim is an inherent part.
Research Area: Social Science
Title: STRATEGY OF LIBRARIES AND LIBRARIANS DURING COVID-19
Keywords: Global Health, Library services, Pandemic Disease, Covid-19, Librarianship
Author(s): Abid Hussain
Author’s Institution: Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad, Pakistan
Abstract: The COVID-19 is a widespread global health crisis of our time and one of the most significant challenges we have faced. The Pandemic spread in the different continent like waves, as of September 21, 2020, 965,199 deaths attributed to the virus worldwide. Routine lives of people have positively been affected, and different business has stopped everywhere. Educational Institutions got closed; many countries have adopted various strategies to reduce the widespread disease. Librarians and Libraries are looking for proper solutions to provide the patrons with the best possible services during this critical situation. The objective of this paper is to highlight different strategy for libraries and librarians to promote library services in any pandemic. A literature review undertook through the databases of Scopus, Pubmed, Google Scholar and Baidu by using COVID-19, Library services in Pandemic and remote access etc. The result shows that librarians should abreast themselves with the latest strategies that are helpful to patrons in any pandemic. Some key strategy like providing health awareness programmes, research support and fulfil research demand of patrons. It seems that Librarians, like medical and paramedical staff, should ready themselves to provide researchers with the best possible services during COVID-19
Research Area: Social Science
Title: JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN BANGLADESH: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Keywords: Juveniles Deprived, Justice System, Crime, Bangladesh
Author(s): Ayesha Siddika
Author’s Institution: University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Abstract: Juvenile delinquency, also known as juvenile offending, or youth crime, is participation in illegal behaviour by minors or juveniles (individuals younger than the statutory age of majority). A juvenile delinquent is a person who is typically under the age of 18 and commits in the act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. This research paper discusses the scope and limitation of the study, the objectives of the study, the research methodology and the review, provides the conceptual issues relating to Juvenile delinquency. It also discusses the causes of it. The research provides the establishment of the juvenile court, trial procedure of this court and administration of juvenile justice system in Bangladesh, shows the relevant statutory laws with Juvenile delinquency. Last of all, some findings and recommendations have been extracted out of this study. Current efforts to fight juvenile delinquency are characterized by the lack of systematic action and the absence of task-oriented and effective social work with both offenders and victim such as seminar, workshop, field-work whether real or potential. Analysis is further complicated by a lack of international comparative data.