Saturday, November 28, 2020
International Journal of Law, Humanities & Social Science

ISSN(ONLINE) :2521-0793
ISSN :(PRINT) :2521-0785

Volume 4 - Issue 6

Research Area: Law
Title: AN ANALYTICAL VIEW OF ALBANIAN AND FRENCH LEGISLATION ON ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE BENEFITS
Keywords: Albania, Effective Service, Harmonization Level, Innovation, Reform
Author(s):Dr. Oljana Hoxhaj
Author’s Institution:
“Ismail Qemali” Vlora University, Vlora/Albania

Abstract: The integration process of Albania into the European family carries many difficulties. In this context, the Albanian legislator is inclined to implement in the domestic legal framework models which have been successful in other countries. Our paper aims to present an analytical and comparative approach to the health system in Albania and France, mainly focusing on citizen’s access to these services. Over the last few years, the Albanian government has undertaken concrete reforms in this sector, aiming to transform the vision on which the previous health system was structured. In this perspective, the state fulfils not only an obligation to its citizens, but also consolidates progressive steps toward alignment with European Union standards. The inclusion of health services on the Albanian government agenda reflects its will in the function of good governance, transparency and broadening access to the provision of quality health services in the public and private sectors. France has one of the most effective healthcare models in Europe. That is why we have chosen to analyze this country, aiming to highlight the advantages of this system, as well as the commitment of the French state to drafting effective health policies. In the framework of the process of harmonization of the Albanian legislation with that of the European Union, through our work, we aim to identify the space to implement the whole of these legislative innovations in the Albanian legislation.

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Research Area: Law
Title: DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PARTICIPATION IN THE WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT SYSTEM
Keywords: Developing Countries, WTO (World Trade Organization), Dispute Settlement System, GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), Member State
Author(s): Esrat Jahan
Author’s Institution:
World University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh

Abstract: In the Preamble of the WTO defined that there is a need to make sure that developing countries especially the LDC ones, share growth in international trade proportionate with the needs of their economic development. This paper begins with the historical background of the developing countries participation in both GATT and the WTO. There is a broad discussion about the developing countries and the WTO dispute settlement system. Significant appraisals of the present and possible benefits from developing country engagement in the WTO focus mainly on the recent development. This paper examines a different feature of developing country participation in the WTO dispute settlement system. The WTO dispute system is providing the developing countries with some special benefits and developing countries are also trying to increase their status, that’s the main reason for the participation in the WTO dispute system. This paper is also trying to find the obstacles that are creating a problem for developing countries to participate in the WTO dispute settlement system. The WTO dispute settlement system is working actively for developing countries, but the GATT system was also tried to develop the status of the developing countries. The comparison between the GATT system and the WTO dispute system developed country and developing country is also referred in this paper.

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Research Area: Social Science
Title: COVID-19: A GAME CHANGER
Keywords: Covid-19, Game Changer, Economic Crisis, Blame Game, China
Author(s): Daniyal Talat
Author’s Institution:
Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract: The world is shifting rapidly and from fighting using swords and shields to gain superiority against your adversary to using nuclear weapons to annihilate your opponent’s identity, the world had come a long way. The world had seen the destruction, which was caused by nuclear weapons, but it did not stop there. In 1961 building of Tsar Bomba by the Soviet Union which is 3333 times more powerful than the bomb used in World War. The world is evolving so do the style of warfare. Cyber warfare, chemical warfare and biological warfare are an emerging threat in the 21st century. As per saying “what goes up must come down”, the world had seen so many states, empires like Aryan, Muslims, Europeans all rose from nothing and ruled the world but in the end, they all got dethroned. After WW2, world power shifted from European countries towards the Soviet Union and the US. A long history of cold war resulted in the disintegration of the Soviet Union led to the unipolar system. 21st century had many ups and downs but China rising from dust to compete with the US is the main headline. The world got dismantled after the outbreak of the coronavirus and when this virus took the whole world by storm and jeopardize the human civilization all eyes were set on the west. This paper will explore the western response to the pandemic and how this pandemic will bring change in this world.

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Research Area: Law
Title: DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES IN NIGERIA AND THE UNITED KINGDOM: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Keywords: Diplomatic Immunities, Privileges, Abuse, Nigeria, UK
Author(s):Samira Abubakar
Author’s Institution:
Bayero University, Nigeria

Abstract: Access to diplomatic immunities and privileges (DPIs) has been a dominant custom in interstate relations. However, waves of diplomatic abuses have engineered calls for a change in the legal narrative of customary norms on DPIs. With these calls in focus, this paper attempts to explore and compare the current legal regimes on DPIs in the UK and Nigeria. The paper finds that both regimes still maintain the confounded ‘blanket’ protection of diplomats, with the position in the UK slightly better off in comparison to that of Nigeria. The author supports moving beyond the traditional justification of absolute protection for making diplomats ‘above the law’ and recommends modification of the current legal position to a more stringent one, not intended to strip those DPIs off the diplomats but to portray the state’s intent to protect its laws and citizens against wanton unchallenged abuse.

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Research Area: Social Science
Title: YOUNG WOMEN AND ADOLESCENT GIRLS LIVED EXPERIENCES OF COVID-19 LOCKDOWN: ZIMBABWE PERSPECTIVE
Keywords: Adolescents,  Intimate Partner Abuse, COVID-19, Lockdown,  Women Zimbabwe
Author(s): Prince Dzingirayi, Faith Mutete, and Levison Maunganidze
Author’s Institution: 
University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and Africa University, Mutare, Zimbabwe

Abstract: Globally, COVID-19 pandemic is a devastating blow which had affected young women and adolescent girls’ daily experience. The research findings noted that the effects the coronavirus are causing psychological and physical shortcoming to women making them vulnerable in the short as well as in the long run. The lockdown measures have made women be more vulnerable leading unwanted pregnancy, school dropout, sexual abuse, intimate partner abuse, child marriages and child prostitution.  These abuses were precipitated by the lack of basic goods and services during the coronavirus lockdown. On the positive note, the coronavirus lockdown has reinforced the intimate partner relationship. This study was conducted with an aim of exploring the effects of the implementation of restrictive measures of COVID-19 pandemic to young women and adolescent girls in Bulawayo District. The phenomenological research design was used to study individuals in their natural setting and the population in the study is the young women and adolescent girls who reside in Bulawayo which is the second-largest city in Zimbabwe. The convenience random and purposive sampling was used to select the participants and data was analyzed using thematic content analysis. Data was collected through an anonymous open-ended interview question on social media platforms. The COVID-19 lockdown has confined women and adolescent girls in a cage with their perpetrator hence creating more chances of abuse.

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Research Area: Social Science
Title: IS MAURITIUS A PROMISING HALAL TOURISM DESTINATION?
Keywords: Halal Tourism in Mauritius, Mauritius and Tourism, Shariah Tourism, Islamic Hotels, Halal Package
Author(s): Ambareen Beebeejaun
Author’s Institution: 
University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

Abstract: The Muslim travel market is one of the most emerging lucrative sector across the globe and yet despite this huge potential, Halal tourism remains relatively untapped. It is expected by 2026 that the Halal travel sector’s proportion to the global economy is made up of 35% representing around US$ 300 Billion and 10% of tourists worldwide. While various studies suggest that countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Morocco, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates amongst others are portrayed as the top Halal tourist destinations, no research has been conducted on the potential of Mauritius for Halal tourism. Consequently, this research aims to assess the future of Halal tourism in Mauritius given that the tourism sector is among the five main economic pillars of the country. In particular, this study will assess the awareness level of Halal tourism and the offering of Shariah compliant tourism facilities in Mauritius. This paper adopts the descriptive analytical approach and data is collected from questionnaires distributed to the target population, books, newspapers articles, journal articles and official websites. This study intends to recommend an action plan to the stakeholders concerned with the view of encouraging Halal tourism in Mauritius.

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